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Anki Spaced Learning App

LEARN EVERY DAY, or cards will pile up...


spacebar SHOW ANSWER 1 1min (Again) 2 10min (Good) 3 1day (Easy) 4 2days e Edit card (while studying!)

custom study session

(independant from reviewed/learned cards) decks -> select one (or parent) tools -> create filtered deck Search: remove is:due uncheck reschedule cards ..

adding a new deck

type: basic deck: Collection::Geography::Aargau

importing txt files, format

just create a textfile with following format: question ; answer question ; answer i.e.: Wann war die letzte Eiszeit? ; vor 10'000 Jahren! Wann war das Schweizer Gebiet erstmals besiedelt? ; vor 300'000 Jahren then just click the import button and select the txt file

image occlusion

tools -> addons -> get addons 1374772155 image occlusion enhanced then restart anki in field -> click last icon to open dialog then select image and drag rectangles over titles tipp: use PNSs with transparency, for dark mode


reset due days

click deck to change -> browse -> click address bar -> ENTER (this gets all cards of current deck) edit -> select all cards -> reschedule -> OK

batch import scanned images or cards into anki

photograph existing flashcards

use a tag in filename, to distingish Q&A (in captureone just add color tag to "questions" and export) IMG-01-green.jpg IMG-02.jpg IMG-03-green.jpg IMG-04.jpg

copy media into anki

tools -> preferences -> backups -> open backup folder then go UP one level to find media.collections folder copy all jpgs/png into the media.collections folder

create a text file for importing

for front/back side of the flashcard <img src="IMG-01-green.jpg" /> ; <img src="IMG-02.jpg" /> <img src="IMG-03-green.jpg" /> ; <img src="IMG-04.jpg" />

import text file into anki

import -> select text file check Allow HTML in fields



options: Review tab: 9999

enable night mode (dark colour scheme)

tools -> addons -> get addons: 1496166067 then restart application, find View tab


flipped sides

start session edit -> cards -> flip

introvideos &amp; manual



davinci resolve


-------------------- mousewheel + alt zoom timeline crtl + b split window -------------------

export project

open resolve to have startscreen with projects the right click on a project -> export

reverse clip

right click on clip -> change clip speed -> check reverse

see FPS from media

in edia, change to list view then see ALL tabs for FPS

see FPS from current project

file -> project settings -> master important for new projects: if there are videos in pool you cannot change FPS anymore, so remove then and change!

empty slug

edit tab -> leftside toolbox -> generators -> solid color

adjustment layer

edit tab -> leftside toolbox -> effects -> adjustment clip place on top of all layers

how to change color (of moving object

go to color tab -> qualifier tab (pipette tab) then select the colors in videos after that change offset wheel to desired color then go to window tab (next to pipette tab) chose path -> drag around the object then go to tracker tab (next to window tab) need to track forward AND backward so first click play button then go back to original keyframe position and click backwards play button

gif creation with ffmpeg and quicktimeplayer

screen recording (only application window)

Quicktime playerX -> new screen recording -> then drag a window

trim the beginning/end of movie

then set IN/OUT with old Quicktime and save again

slice movie into pngs, 320 width, auto height, framerate 10

mkdir output ffmpeg -i -r 10 output/ffout%3d.png (fullsize!) ffmpeg -i -vf scale=800:-1 -r 10 output/ffout%3d.png

image magick to create the final gif

convert -delay 8 -loop 0 -layers Optimize output/ffout*.png output/animation2.gif -------

video streams

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -map 0 -map_metadata 0:5:0 -c copy output.mp4

create mp3 from wav

(for 256 kbit mp3) ffmpeg -i audio.wav -acodec libmp3lame -b:a 256k audio.mp3 (for 190 kbit variable mp3) ffmpeg -i audio.wav -acodec libmp3lame -b:a 2 audio.mp3

create mp4 for web (with sound)

ffmpeg -i -c:v libx264 -pix_fmt yuv420p -profile:v baseline -level 3.0 -crf 22 -preset veryslow -vf scale=1080:-2 -movflags +faststart -threads 0 output.mp4

without sound

ffmpeg -i -c:v libx264 -pix_fmt yuv420p -profile:v baseline -level 3.0 -crf 22 -preset veryslow -vf scale=1080:-2 -an -movflags +faststart -threads 0 output.mp4


ffmpeg -i -vcodec h264 -threads 0 -acodec aac -strict -2 output.mp4 ffmpeg -an -i -vcodec libx264 -pix_fmt yuv420p -profile:v baseline -level 3 output.mp4 (more compatible) ffmpeg -i my-original-video.wmv -vcodec libx264 -f mp4 -vb 1024k -preset slow my-new-video.mp4

create webm for web (with sound)

ffmpeg -i -c:v libvpx -qmin 0 -qmax 25 -crf 4 -b:v 1M -vf scale=720:-2 -threads 0 output.webm

without sound

ffmpeg -i -c:v libvpx -qmin 0 -qmax 25 -crf 4 -b:v 1M -vf scale=720:-2 -an -threads 0 output.webm


ffmpeg -i -vcodec libvpx-vp9 -b:v 1M -acodec libvorbis output.webm

getting info

ffmpeg -i example.mp4 -hide_banner

Extracting the audio

ffmpeg -i input.mkv -vn audio_only.ogg

trim 8 sek, then scale to max 400 width/ auto height

ffmpeg -t 8 -i -vf scale=320:-1 -r 10 output/ffout%3d.png ffmpeg -t 8 -i -filter:v scale=400:-1 -c:a copy output.mkv

convert directly to gif

ffmpeg -t 8 -i new.gif

find device

ffmpeg -f avfoundation -list_devices true -i "" (finds devices: Facetime camera, Screen, Microphone)


(ffmpeg -f avfoundation -i "<screen device index>:<audio device index>" output.mkv) ffmpeg -f avfoundation -i "1:0" output.mkv

get infos

ffmpeg -i file.mkv output is 2880x1800

crop the file

ffmpeg -i output.mkv -filter:v "crop=320:240:0:0" -c:a copy top_left.mkv

setting up mamp with ssl (with chrome working)

in mamp -> preferences -> change port to 80 (set web & mysql to 80 button) then in terminal as user run this long line: openssl req \ -newkey rsa:2048 \ -x509 \ -nodes \ -keyout server.key \ -new \ -out server.crt \ -subj /CN=localhost \ -reqexts SAN \ -extensions SAN \ -config <(cat /System/Library/OpenSSL/openssl.cnf \ <(printf '[SAN]\nsubjectAltName=DNS:localhost')) \ -sha256 \ -days 3650 cp server.crt /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache cp server.key /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache/httpd.conf -> uncomment line: Include /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache/extra/httpd-ssl.conf /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache/extra/httpd-ssl.conf <VirtualHost *:443> SSLEngine on SSLCertificateFile /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache/server.crt SSLCertificateKeyFile /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache/server.key </VirtualHost> open keychain -> system -> file -> import /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache/server.crt then find localhost file in keychain -> right click -> info -> trust -> always trust

remove annoying MAMP admin message

give sudo permissions to mamp

login in terminal as admin sudo visudo -> add this: USERNAME ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /Applications/MAMP/bin/ USERNAME ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: /Applications/MAMP/bin/

#! /bin/bash sudo /Applications/MAMP/bin/ & /Applications/MAMP/bin/ & exit 0


sync folders on osx with cron

use crontab to schedule

crontab -l list jobs crontab -e then add stuff 0 */2 * * * /Users/USERNAME/ >>/tmp/auto-update.log 2>&1

test if cron is running on macx

ps ax | grep [c]ron

find error in script

*/2 * * * * / >>/tmp/auto-update.log 2>&1


MM HH DD MM WKD -- Minutes, Hour, Day, Month, Weekday (eg. Sun, Mon) MM HH * * * USERNAME /PATH/TO/SCRIPT 00 3 * * * USERNAME / "Runs at 03:00 every day" 0 */2 * * * run every two hours */2 * * * * every 2 minutes

google webdesigner


components -> swipeable gallery set position and size to % values, if using full screen layout

link images

properties -> swipeable gallery -> advanced properties -> Exit URLs URLs separated by comma, no spaces...

examples,, only link the last of 5: ,,,,


add links to images

add image to scene rightclick on image -> Add event -> mouse -> click -> Google Ad -> Exit ad (overrides..) just enter some number, URL

full screen layout

create new doc -> Interstitial env: doubleclick dimensions: 1200 x 700 add images to scene select bg image -> properties -> pos&size -> change w & h to 100%, align again!! scaling -> crop image to fill select all pngs -> properties -> pos&size -> change all to percentage image -> scaling -> Resize image to fill


for pixel perfect placement, just fade pngs with same size as bg (maybe use 0.1% opacity for bg parts, so images doesn't get cropped while saving)

create more pages

pages panel -> plus sign create event to link to Page Deck -> Go to Page -> ...

add video page

components -> Video specify video source like this: assets/video.mp4 (no full screen possible)

add youtube page

components -> Youtube (no full screen) Step 1: Erase the highlighted text below: Step 2: Replace watch?v= with v/!searchin/gwdbeta/fullscreen|sort:relevance/gwdbeta/-JQOHxJztB8/r7h5kX4dw2oJ

add 360 product

components -> 360

create bg

click tag tool -> define gradient (on top bar) properties (right menu) -> check if dimensions/position are oK type in the ID select gradient tool (left side) -> adjust rotation

hide outlines

view -> outlines -> off

add media to project

Library -> drag all images into

add image (to scene)

drag image from Library -> check align to container (on top) properties -> ID -> name it!!!!!!

resize element

select element -> translation, rotation -> set X,Y (maybe scroll a bit) to position quickly, select multiple elements on timeline -> then use arrow keys + shift to move elements

add text

select text tool -> font -> more fonts -> find the font "great vibes" change text color to white, size to 40 -> enter text and place it to edit text, just click on it then select type tool again

add a button

tag tool -> pick color & rounding (on top bar) name it (in the timeline)


rotate object

select object on timeline -> select time (i.e. 10 sek) -> right click -> insert keyframe properties -> change Z field (2nd) to 360

pop in object

select object -> select time -> right click add keyframe insert another keyframe 1 sec later (now there are 3 keyframes! the first one was automatically generated) select second keyframe -> properties -> Transla... -> X:0 and Y 0 or 2 & 2 with opacity 0 or 0 & 0 with opacity 0 then rightclick click on linear (in timeline) -> Easing: ease right click on first keyframe at 0 seconds -> remove

fade in object

select object on timeline -> pick time and add keyframe properties -> style -> fill -> opacity change easing remove keyframe at 0 seconds mark

slide in object

add 2 keyframes, set offset position change easing remove keyframe at 0 seconds

loop animation

on timeline, the first row -> right click on 0 mark -> add label: AnimationStart goto 10 sek mark -> add event: AniEnd -> doubleclick on the event timeline -> gotoAndPlay ...

add link over whole thing

components -> tap area -> drag it properties -> 0,0 fuer position w: 300, h: 600 (same as page width) right click on element -> add event -> tap area -> touch... -> Exit ad -> gw.. -> any id, type in URL

trouble shooting

if objects cannot be animated, reimport with new name

src (valentine) (spiderman) (media queries) (percent to match viewport) (Fullscreen Lightbox) (lots of tuts)!forum/gwdbeta (lots of stuff)

sprites in html

prepare video, split video with quicktime


open movie, goto position edit -> split clip for crop feature use imovie/premiere...

record screen with quicktime

quicktime player -> file new screen recording

record sound input, system audio


install sound siphon then go to system prefs -> input -> sound siphon in start sound siphon, add application zb safari then open quicktime player file -> new audio recording


open quicktime player file -> new audio recording

join movies with ffmpeg

create list.txt file '' file '' ffmpeg -f concat -i join.txt -c copy output.mp4

animated html sprite

create transparent movie with keynote

create animation with green backdrop export as movie

convert video frames to images

brew install ffmpeg ffmpeg -i Untitled3.m4v frames/frame%03d.png

remove green background in pngs

aktion in photoshop: selective colour tool refine edge: check smart radius, 3.9 adjust edge: 10 0 0 -73 check decontaminate colors, amount 100% remember settings output to: new layer

create png sprite from images

install imagemagick

crop the images

convert frames/* -crop 200x200+260+260 output/%03d.png (200 x 200 is image size, +250 +250 is the offset (oben links)

resize the cropped image

convert output/* -resize 130x130 resized/%03d.png

create sprite from images

convert resized/*.png +append sprites.png (append horizontally, for aniJS) convert resized/*.png -append sprites.png (append vertically)

optimize png

optimize jpgs

single file: convert -strip -interlace Plane -gaussian-blur 0.05 -quality 85% source.jpg result.jpg viele files: mogrify -strip -interlace Plane -quality 85% *.jpg

display in browser

create horizontal sprite and download aniJS master:


<!doctype html> <html lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="utf-8" /> <title>AniJS</title> <script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery.min.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript" src="js/anijs.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> $(document).ready(function () { $('.anim').anijs({ image: "sprites2.png", fps: 15, frameWidth: 200, frameHeight: 213, isReady : function ($this) {} }); $('#1').anijs("enable"); }); </script> </head> <body> <div id="1" class="anim"></div> </body> </html>

quicktime pro 7

time lapse, single images to movie

file -> open image sequence -> select first image file -> export -> mov


open existing movies then file -> new player create INs (i key) and OUTs (o key) of existing movie, copy select new player movie -> paste (the playhead determines the position of paste, to paste it in the middle, just move the playhead there)

change audio

window -> show movie properties disable sound tracks open mp3, select the right part with i/o keys, copy select video clip, select all with cmd+a edit -> add to selection and scale

rotate movie

window -> show movie properties select video track, select tab VISUAL SETTINGS

trim movie

drag the black corners under the timeline, to the right positions edit -> trim to selection

crop video

open video in quicktime edit -> copy open photoshop -> paste fill crop area with white, area to keep in black save as gif (2 colours) quicktime -> window -> show movie properties select video track, select tab VISUAL SETTINGS drag the GIF into the grey box file -> export

adding text to video

create transparent image with text in photoshop (same size as the movie) export as png open the movie as well as the image in quicktime select text clip, cmd + a for select all select the movie clip, create in and out for the text to appear edit -> add to selection and scale quicktime -> window -> show movie properties select PNG layer, tab VISUAL SETTINGS transparency (on bottom) -> straight alpha

adjust brightness, color, contrast

export: Movie to QuickTime Movie options -> filter (leaving default options is fine, compress in handbrake)

export edited movie

first get settings from orig movie window -> show movie inspector file -> export -> MPEG4 Video Format: H264 Data Rate: 6000 kbits/sec Image Size: Current Frame Rate: Current (compose in quicktime full size, compress in handbrake)

compress in handbrake, handbrake settings

(window -> toggle presets) format: mp4 Video Codec: H.264 check: Web optimized average bitrate: 500


create new white slide top right -> click document tab -> slide size: custom 1920 x 1080 presentation type: self playing, delay:0, builds:0 view -> show build order

play fullscreen

preferences > slide -> fit display einstellungen -> presentation -> erstes...

create simple animation

animate tab -> build in: when slide starts action: main action build out: when slide ends group objects -> arrange -> group select object -> click "add an effect" build order window -> select object -> with otherobject (to get simultaneous)

magic move

duplicate slide (the objects must exist in both slides!) goto first slide -> animate tab -> add an effect transition (transitions) -> magic move start transition: automatically, delay:0 goto second slide, move objects around, ev. change opacity

add movie

drag movie onto canvas format -> movie -> optimize... movie settings: format tab -> movie deselect movie clip -> animate tab -> delay 8 sec (movie duration) Achtung: Grouped objects with movies dont play!

animate bullets

create bullet list (format tab oben rechts) animate -> build in -> choose one... delivery: by bullet


add empty slide -> click on table icon on top fill content -> select object -> animate tab build in: choose drop, delivery: by row


add title, select title, animate tab -> create build in

create compass

create 2 pngs, background compass & needle lock background: arrange -> lock rotate 2 times, 5 sek

animate charts

add chart, add build in delivery: by series (first profit then loss) by set (rows), then build from 3

make it 3D

create normal chart first, then Format tab -> chart type -> 3D column build in: select 3D effect (zb 3D rotate & grow) format -> chart -> 3D Scene -> ADJUST HERE 3D Settings!

animated chart data over time

click Chart oben -> interactive tab -> choose one build in -> Add -> magic chart

chain animations

view -> build order create same animations for all, text & graphics then refine in build order then create build and refine

4 images, one stays

create build in for all 4 then select 3, create build out with fade select the remaining one and create Action with move to center then build out with dissolve

motorad example timing

create centered visual, titel + subtitle add move in/move out effects for visual (remove Bounce @ Build out) add scale big (3 sec) to both titles @ build in

rotate, scal, align, lock object

format tab -> arrange tab -> rotate

create a pause/delay between build in and build out

create build in and build out animations view -> build order start: after build1, delay: 2sec


view -> show rulers then drag like in photoshop

copy animations

select text block -> format copy animation

apply transitions in bulk

cmd click on multiple slides, add transition

object transitions for images

just place images on pages apply normal page transitions, then check for more special transitions by scrolling down same exists for text transitions



copy somewhere run it in terminal with ./cliclick


get current mouse position


click at position 28/11


wait 500 milliseconds (0,5 sec)


move mouse 24px down


press alt key down and hold it

kd:alt “alt”, “cmd”, “ctrl”, “fn”, “shift”

click at current position


release alt key


double click


start drag


end drag


press key and release again

kp:key “arrow-down”, “arrow-left”, “arrow-right”, “arrow-up”, “delete”, “end”, “esc”, “f1”, “f2”, “f3”, “f4”, “f5”, “f6”, “f7”, “f8”, “f9”, “f10”, “f11”, “f12”, “f13”, “f14”, “f15”, “f16”, “fwd-delete”, “help”, “home”, “mute”, “page-down”, “page-up”, “return”, “space”, “tab”, “volume-down”, “volume-up”

right click

kd:ctrl c:x,z ku:ctrl

enter text

t:'Viele Grüße'

powerpoint 2011 mac

start slideshow in windows

shift + <F5>

master slides

view -> master -> slide master

create colour scheme

slidemaster -> colours

define fonts

slidemaster -> Fonts

add text frames

slide master -> new layout (creates empty slide) slidemaster -> edit layout tab -> insert placeholder -> content format -> arrange tab -> align -> distribute horizontally

rename slide

rechtsclick auf slide -> rename then close master (view -> normal)


add new custom slides (from defined master slides)

new slide -> select layout

group/ungroup objects

group: alt + cmd + g ungroup: shift + alt + cmd + g

remove bullets

format -> bullets & numbering

import slides from another presentation

news slide (arrow) -> insert slides from another presentation


im excel gibt es in der letzten Zelle eine schwarze markierung die einfach groesser ziehen bei weiteren datensaetzen

view guides

rechtsclick auf slide -> guides oder crtl + alt + cmd + g

add new guides

alt + click on existing guide

in windows

alt + F9

re adjust stuff

just apply the slide template again!

custom clipart library

Microsoft Office 2011 -> Office -> Media -> Clipart drag new custom folder with files in here

after effects


maximize panels ~

begin/end movie home key (fn left/right) go 10 frames forward/back fn + shift + down/up arrow go 1 frame forward fn + down/up arrow layer properties uu duplicate layer cmd + d set marker crtl + 8 increase/decrease brush size cmd + drag mask properties m (m)


auto fade in/out

animation presets -> behaviour -> Fade In+Out drag it onto clip

radial wipe (fuer runde sachen fade in)

ramp (gradient)


use for sunsets

fractal noise

cc rain

cc snow

cc star burst

use with solid white for stars

freeform (3d from photo)


slow motion





create new solid select brush tool (cmd +d) doubleclick on layer to get into layer panel

animate beginning and end of stroke

unfold layer -> effects -> paint -> brush -> stroke options


effects -> paint -> paint on transparent ON

dotted lines

unfold layer -> effects -> paint -> brush -> stroke options change SPACING

isolate object from video with roto roto brush tool

doubelick on layer with movie clip select roto brush tool

press ~ to go maximize window

increase/decrease brush size -> cmd + drag click black/white icon below to see mask

settings for roto brush

open layer -> effects -> roto brush -> matte check refine matte click freeze when done

growing wine

create wine in illustrator add wine to layers doubleclick on wine layer add effect Write-on to wine in effects: click brush position, bottom of win increase brush size!! go to first frame click stop watch on brush position then move paint, click on next position in timeline move paint again, forward on timeline .... then in effects settings: Paint Style: reveal original image

speed up display preview

window : fit change to QUARTER to speed it up or even custom: 10px

pixel ration correction

double click on video in projects window to view clip in footage mode icon: pixel aspect ration correction

create markers

number markers

drag marker from the right edge and number appears hold shift to snap to cursor! use 1,2,3,4... to jump to marker

comp markers

set marker -> crtl + 8 double click to set name

layer markers

layer -> add marker layer markers stay on layer, even if clip moves!

align objects

window -> align

preview render a range, work area

drag yellow bars on top of time line the longer ones! doubleclick the bar to make clips fit timeline

type presets


in type panel -> flyout menu -> finder folders -> text organic -> chewing gum press u to see keyframes

animate text manually

click on text layer expand layer on layer, click on TEXT (over transform) click ANIMATE flyout menu (neben dran) this creates SCALE and RANGE selector animate scale and offset to move through the letters

layer styles

right click on text layer -> layer styles -> bevel & emboss or drop shadow

cinema 4d alpha

render as targa image sequence alpha channel

trim video

in -> option [ out -> option ] drag video onto NEW COMP button drag edges to the right points hold shift to make it snap to cursor or doobleclick on clip (to go to footage panel)

get variations of effects

select effects in effects control window then press BRAINSTORM icon change to 100 %

motion blur

weisser radiergummi oben bei layers check fields for layers


audio comps graphics solids video

flip layer, invert

use negative coordinates

real time preview (ram preview)

klick play mit strich

render queue

in project window find composition file, select it composition -> add to render queue


right click auf missing file -> replace footage -> file

replace footage with lots of stuff applied to it

in projects window, hold option and drag new clip into composition window (links unten) on top of old clip works good with stock video too

compositions resolution HD DV

drag video file onto NEW COMP button to create new file with same resolution

quicky add new video/still from project window

click on file in project window cmd + /

change comp duration

right click on composition -> comp. settings unten Duration

import illustrator file with different layers

import kind: composition footage dimensions: layer size dann layers sind imported

position, scale, rotation, opacity

select layer -> hit t anchor point a position p scale s opacity t rotation r

change anchor point for rotation, scaling

select pan behind tool (oben) or hold down y move anchor let go of y key

puppet pin tool

select puppet tool click on vector object and create joints click again on joint to move it cmd + click on joint -> animate over time!!

group layers

select all involved layers layer -> precompose

precomps (grouping of layers)

layer -> pre-compose then transform

solids (still image)

links unten in comp window right click -> new -> solid


effects -> generate -> ramp


use solid or movie to apply effect


rectangle tool draw square or transparent psd/png with mask add/subtract or doubleclick on movie/still then draw mask with pentool

masks mit custom paths

in photoshop

create path in photoshop go to path panel, select path select all (crtl + a) copy (crtl + c) paste in aftereffects on solid press m to see mask path clock watch (deselect it, then select points)

in illustrator

create document same size (1920 x 1080) draw shape edit -> copy create solid in aftereffects edit -> paste

move objects on motion paths

create motion path shape in illustrator

in illustrator create document same size (1920 x 1080) draw shape edit -> copy in aftereffects create object to move select the layer the object is on hit P to reveal POSITION properties select POSITION property edit -> paste

create motion path in after effects

select layer press P (for Position) click Stop watch progress in timeline and ove the object each time to create a pause, progress in timeframe and then click keyframe symbol (at the beginning of the POSITION property)

easing (slowly slows down)

rightclick on the keyframe -> keyframe assistant -> easy ease in/out to see more, open graphs panel (last icon before timeline)

orient object along a path

right click on the layer -> transform -> Auto-Orient choose Orient Along Path

move objects per drag and drop automatically

window -> motion sketch check background click START CAPTURE button mouse turns to a cross, click and drag the path click on stopwatch on position to delete keyframes

scale/rotate motion paths

create new solid select all keyframes by clicking on POSITION edit -> copy select the new solid layer -> mask -> new mask hit M to reveal Mask Shape PROPERTY select Mask Path edit -> paste cmd + t -> resize it select Mask Path edit -> copy select POSITION (old keyframes) hit delete make sure POSITION is still selected edit -> paste

keying, green screen

find effect KEYLIGHT and apply it the in properties -> screen colour -> use eye dropper on bg to adjust change VIEW to STATUS Screen Matte -> increase Clip Black decrease Clip White subject white/screen black

bright green inside the mask

screen matte -> replace colour pick colour (that stands out in STATUS view) replace methos: source edge colour suppression -> GREEN channel Edge Grow

refine edges

find the effect: Refine Matte (makes edges more smooth) Increase Decontamination Radius

adjust forground

effect: Hue/Saturation effect: Levels

blend modes

footage from toggle unten switches/modes select the layer to blend, shift + minus/plus

schwarzer raus

remove from green screen blending mode screen

stabilizing motion

window -> tracker click stabilize motion PLUS: put in middle of tracked object inner square: resize to fit object (surround) outer square: region that changes maybe move on time and stop and then adjust

track motion

window -> tracker click track motion click EDIT Target Button -> chose layer to move

create wiggle, shaking, camera motion

add camera unfold camera layer -> transform -> point of interest -> Expres. write: wiggle(5,5) in timeline next to express...

outputting and exporting, rendering

put project into render queue -> shift + cmd + / (or export -> premiere pro project)

render settings

Resolution -> reduze movie dimensions Time span -> ausschnitt rendern (work area only)

output settings

Check Audio Output!

export transparent movie, high quality

Format: QuickTime Format Options: Animation Channels: RGB+Alpha

popular codec

Format: Quicktime Format Options: H.264

sony vegas

make adjustment layers in vegas

insert another video track on top: name it adjustment layer collapse the layer (first little icon) click on track effects -> add FX drag "Composite" on top before "FX"

wipe layers/objects/greenscreen (with gradient)

fx -> bcc -> linear wipe or radial wipe give it softness and set keyframes! use markers on timeline to compare times easier

particle wipe (requires bcc)

right click -> insert video track right click -> insert text media write somehting using bold large font name this track title duplicate track and name it particle on particle track -> add FX -> BCC Particle Array 3D Render -> anti ALIASING: none uncheck particle intersection uncheck Use Build in Lights Particles -> Particle Shape -> Image Collection Transform System: Rotate Y just a little bit, until we see the planes Array -> Num Particles Z: 2 Scale Z: move them really close together Transform System: Rotate Y: move it back to 0 Array -> Scale X: hold down shift, then scale up to screen width! Scale Y: also scale up to screen height! Num Particles X: hold down shift, then add ca. 130! Num Particles Y: add ca. 70! Particles -> Particle Color: Layer XY Dispersion -> Disperse Master: hold down shift and scale up to 330 Control map 1 -> Apply to: DisperseEffect Wipe Control: Left to Right Wipe progress: 100 then click on clock icon add a keyframe at beginning with 100% (wipe progress) add another keyframe at middle with 0% Fractal Noise -> Amplitude: ca. 600 Noise Freq: ca. 75 Auto Evolve Speed: ca. 36 Control map 2 -> Apply to: Fractal Noise Map Wipe control: Left to Right Wipe progress: 100, click animation icon next to it add a keyframe at beginning with 100% (wipe progress) add another keyframe at middle with 0% shift -> shift X: hold shift and decrease until off the screen, ca. -1000 Control map 3 -> Apply to: Shift Effect Wipe Control: Left to Right Wipe progress: 100, click animation icon next to it add a keyframe at beginning with 100% (wipe progress) add another keyframe at middle with 0% on particle track -> add FX -> BCC Linear Wipe Animation: Manual Direction: 90 (from right to left) a bit of softness on the edge in timeline find the spot when the last letter appears clearly press m to drop a marker find the spot where all letters appear clear, set a marker create a wipe between those to markers first marker: Wipe amount ca 53 second marker: Wipe amount ca -60 on title track -> add FX -> FCC Linear Wipe animation: Manual Direction: -90 (from left to right) a bit of softness on the edge put the cursor on the first marker click on clock icon next to Wipe Amount on particle track -> click FX -> BCC particle Render -> Motion blur: smooth insert another video track on top: name it adjustment layer collapse the layer (first little icon) click on track effects -> add BCC film glow drag "Composite" on top before "BCC Film Glow" set first keyframe on second marker, with default glow intensity set second keyframe some seconds later with 0 glow intensity click on track effects -> add BCC glint drag "Composite" on top before "BCC glint" animate glint threshold (more or less stars) animate glint angle (rotation of the stars) animate brightness (turn down at the end)


nesting of clips, grouping

just save the comp as .veg file then create new file, drag the .veg files from the vegas explorer

motion tracking

easy way

create 2 video tracks, one with movements and one with type select bg layer, click Compositing Mode (icon auf dem layer) -> custom (move cursor to beginning to movie) OXF -> BCC match move -> Add -> OK Open Tab Motion tracker check Track On-the-Fly Sub-pixel Accuracy: 1:2 Open Tab Tracker Center KF position the dot (hold crtl) adjust loop region (yellow triangles) to fit whole range goto beginning of movie shift + b (tools -> build dynamic ram preview) when it stops, goto 1 frame before message then drag loop region with beginning triangle to the current pos click clear render cache click on big movie preview shift + b when done, uncheck Track on-the-Fly Match Move tab -> MM Foreground -> Source B (place bg layer on top, object layer on bottom) if there are more objects, just place it under the bg layer, any object under it will be moved too

for effects

move cursor to beginning of clip on the bg clip, select Event FX select BBC sparks motion tracker tab (scroll down) check Track-on-the-fly the open Tracker Center KF adjust the target (hold crtl for fine tuning) set target width + search width play back the movie uncheck Track On-the-Fly apply -> Producer XY


Vegas interlace

in Explorer oder Project Media look for "progressive" then in project settings (file -> properties), change field order to None Deinterlace method: None

setting up the 5d

shoot in M mode shutterspeed at 50 ISO: 160/320/640/1250

picture style setting

sharpness 0 contrast 0 saturation -2 stops

steadycam merlin

hole N minus, erster strich auf platte

resolution 5d

mpg2, last template (blueray 1900x1080)

camcorder MOD import

rename MOD to MPG import in vegas

quicktime pro vimeo export settings EXPORT MOVIE TO MPEG-4 click on OPTIONS (fileformat to mpeg4 oben) VIDEO FORMAT to H.264 data rate to 3500 image size to CUSTOM 640X360

insert markers

insert marker with "m" press number keys to navigate to scene '1' '2'

flip video

click pan/crop icon -> rightclick! settings temporary paths to hyperdrive program BURN (mac) turn off menu if only one track

sony dvd architect

create single file, instant play DVD set tmp: options -> preferences -> burning -> set tmp drive file -> new -> first (crop it if black border!) select vegas render click PREVIEW to check click MAKE DVD to finish

speedup slow/fast

rightclick on clip -> properties -> lock to stretch resize clip (ev crtl + click on end)


ungroup: select both -> crtl + u group: select both -> crtl + g


levels envelopes right click on audio track (vorn!) -> insert -> volume to change color: view -> audio enveloppes -> V automation adjusting volume/panning while playback click the wheel -> hit play -> adjust volume and keyframes are generated! edit sound open as copy in sound forge

speed up vegas

preferences -> uncheck everything that isnt needed (for example media manager)

clips are too short

file -> render as -> render region unchecked!

no more split movie at import

Look at the HD Capture window. Click PREFS. It's a button on the upper left side. Once you click that there are only like 3 tabs. On the first tab go all the way to the bottom and uncheck scene detection.

insert type

- rightclick new video track, rightclick insert type - use keyframing to change the text!

import dvd

file -> import -> capture dvd camcoder disc new project 720 x 486 (ntsc standard)

change playback speed

- rightclick -> properties -> 4.0 4 times faster! - or crtl + trim ... if wave then playback time was changed

create google earth zoom

- download google earth and fraps - record zooming out in google earth! - start and stop recording in fraps with F9


move audio separately from video, right click -> groups -> clear

masking, custom paths

- click on "event pan/crop" button (it's at the end of the track) - click "mask" (unten) - create mask with anchors - to reset mask, right click -> reset

insert logo (a bug) from photoshop

- create transparent PSD file with logo in photoshop - open it in vegas, insert new track on top, add logo to track - then click "track motion" button on the track, and scale logo - click on topline of the track to constantly reduce opacity

cutoff boxes (in preview screen)

- outside 10% not save and might get cut off my TV! - place logo inside!

workflow with cutting

- first open clip in trimmer, make selection and hit CREATE SUBCLICK icon - then go to PROJECT MEDIA and find this clip and insert it onto the track!

export/reimport sound

- export in vegas to aif - open in sound forge - tools -> noise reduction

import a dvd into vegas

- file -> import -> select VOB (detail view to get sizes!)

export settings

- render as: - Quicktime7, Template: 3Mbps - Custom settings: Video -> Frame Size -> (High Definition) 1280x720, Quality: 100%, datarate 800kb

reduce camera shake, mercalli settings

- select "handycam: watched action scenery" - camera balance: with ligher delay - camera stabilization, smooth or stable: how much cropping? 70% very cropped, 50% minimal, check all frames of scene to determin setting, just need to render it once :-) - border area: without border (upscaled)

selective color

- videoFX -> color corrector (secondary) - check invert mask - bring saturation down - click select effect range - select blue - play with sliders in luminance, saturation and center channels - low down, high up!

crop to dv

- find crop button in the movie timeline! - source: maintain aspect: set to no

youtube HD settings

- file -> project properties -> HDV 720-30p (1280x720,29.970 fps) - file -> render as -> Windows Media Video V9 (*.wmv) - -> template: 6 Mbps HD 720-30p Video - -> costum settings: - project tab: video rendering quality best - video tab: video smoothness: 100

black window! and no preview!

- major screw up! because of new quicktime installation? - deinstall quicktime and reinstall an older quicktime version!



split clips -> cmd + k v for selection tool spacebar to play more one frame -> rigth, left arrow keys (=mousewheel) j,k,l -> backward, stop, forward k+l -> slowmo forward j+k -> slowmo backwards reorder clips -> hold option and drag clips on timeline maximize window -> ` + shift stretch view to timeline -> \


jump to a specific frame

click and drag on orange time hours:minutes:seconds:frames

type manually

click on orange time enter: 103 to jump to second 10 and 3 frames


select black arrow move to IN drag with red bracket

snap feature

icon under timecode


maximize/minimize dock

click into dock

hit ~


doppelclick into sequence window

categorize files

click into squenze window

click wave ~ to maximize the window

create folder structure video audio sequenzes images

rough cut (storyboard)

in sequence window click on bottom second icon arrange the clips to create ruff assembly select all clips dann click 3rd button (automate to sequence)


select sequence file -> export -> media click on YELLOW to change name check Video & Audio check "match sequence settings" to take over used codec!

render queue

in Queue (adobe media encoder) right click dupicate different render settings possible! use h264

render region

grab gray handles file -> export -> media set source range (under preview window) to WORK AREA

letterboxing (black bars on top and bottom)

its very cinematic! put HD sequence into Standard Definition video effects -> motion scale: 35%

rolling credits

in project window -> new item -> title place text with credits below visible black screen click open icon: roll/crawl options select ROLL check START OFF SCREEN check END OFF SCREEN adjust length by trimming it


in project window -> new item -> title then click and drag with type tool

color correction

white balance

effects -> color correction -> fast color corrector or video effects -> adjust -> auto levels blend with original, if too strong


video effects -> color correction -> brightness & contrast


effects -> color correction -> fast color corrector scroll down to input/output levels, adjust use it for underexposed clips

cinematic color

effects -> color correction -> fast color correctoryy make it warm (nostalgia) and then desaturate or effects -> color correction -> 3way color corrector (advanced)

creating a vignette (soft black edges)

in project window New Item -> black video -> drag onto timeline video effects -> generate -> circle -> drag it! effect controls -> invert circle change color to black increase radius until narrow edge feather opacity

convert to night shot

effects -> color correction -> fast color corrector drag into blue effects -> color correction -> RGB curves

rauch, feuer und explosionen use explosion clip effect control -> opacity -> blend mode

green screen, keyring

effects -> video effects -> keyring -> ultra key click pipette -> select green output: alpha (to see grey pixels) matte generation (to get perfect b&w mask) shadow: down highlight: down adjust tolerance reduce transparency matte cleanup add feather usw spill supression adjust saturation then change output back to composite maybe add pour-point-garbage matte

creating background textures

Sequence window -> New Item -> black video effects -> visual effects -> generate -> cellpattern video effects -> color correction -> tint mapping black & white to a new colour

create a logo bug

import a png as logo video effects -> color correction -> tint drag it ontop of logo layer effect control -> opacity down to 50% create copy of logo bug above layer video effects -> stylize -> emboss change relief blend mode to overlay

add lens flare

video effects -> generate -> lens flare put it in the sky and animate position

isolating objects, censoring video

effects -> Video Effects -> Keyring -> Eight-Point Garbage Matte go to effects control panel -> click on Eight-Point ... then select the clip, cmd+c, clip on top layer, cmd+v (make sure top layer is GREY or targeted) in effects window, search for mosaic Video Effects -> Stylize -> Mosaic drag it onto the top clip effects control -> adjust horizontal and vertical blocks

audio settings


on top -> Audio mixer name the tracks to play movie and adjust while playing set it to WRITE oben die raeder sind fuer LEFT/RIGHT panning

create markers on beats

hit the * to create a marker then cut scenes

add beep with standby screen, censored audio

Projects -> New item -> bars and tone double click to open it in source click und drag the audio symbol onto audio clip

animte photoshop layers

doppelclick in project window add psd file for cross sections stuff, create 3 layers oben: aussenwand und bg mitte: wasser, rest transparent unten: bg der bottle transparence is recognized! falls import error use PNGs select water layer -> effect control -> motion go to beginning, drag on position numbers click stop watch icon then move to another time and change position again (ev move keyframe) (to remove all keyframes, click stopwatch again) in project window -> click New Item -> Sequence drag previous sequence (with the psd layers) into new sequence

add transitions

neben media browser, click auf effects tab drag it over to the the midpoint between 2 clips dissolve -> cross dissolve dissolve -> dip to black to adjust -> select transition -> effects control tab (oben neben source) to replace just drag over old transition

setup default transitions

effects -> dissolve -> rightclick on cross dissolve page down (to jump to end of clip) -> command + d (to add transition)

create new sequence (correct resolution) hd standard

click on NEW icon in sequence window true HD 1920 x 1080 (pixel aspect 1.0) or 1280 x 1080 (pixel aspect: 1.5) AVCHD -> 1080p digital SLR -> 1080p -> DSLR 1080p30 @ 29.97

disconnect/reconnect media

rightclick on media in exporer -> link media

disconnect video from audio

select clip and rigthclick -> unlink

when to use cuts/transitions

time passed

images overlap and fade in/outs fade out to black and then fade in from black

next scene


to make it exciting cut more

like a heartbeat!

sub clips &amp; source monitor (select in and out)

doppelklick auf video move cursor to the part press "i" for in press "o" for out press overlay button to insert it drag clip back into explorer on the right to create subclip


drag (sub) clip on Layer Video 2

ripple delete (delete blank space and move to beginning)

doppelklick on empty space cmd + click and drag on beginning of the click or set markers and trim 2 clips to the markers rightclick in black area and select ripple delete

slip edit (move content while already placed)

on top press slip tool

razor tool (to create subclips really fast)

rolling edit tool (to move edit points created with razor tool)


top menu -> marker -> set clip marker -> unnumbered cmd + shift + left/right key to navigate between markers doppelclick on marker to get dialog box

replace clips

hold option key and drag new clip onto other clip in timeline

freeze frame, stills, export pictures

select frame go to kamera icon (under preview window) change format to tiff doppelclick on explorer window and import then trim movie to this frame more tiff to the end

orange rubber band, opacity, transparency

make sure video clip is expanded cmd + click -> set keyframes or go to EFFECTS CONTROL

yellow rubber band, speed

cmd + click to create keyframes cmd + click + drag -> area plays backwards

lock video tracks

click on little square (lock appears)

changing playbackspeed

rightclick on track -> Speed/Duration

rate strech tool = speeding clip up/down to fit

click clip and click X (in the SELECT toolbar)

play clip backwards

rightclick on track -> Speed/Duration -> reverse speed

reset preferences

hold shift during startup ev alt§

playback no more than a second

log in as admin or enabling the root user: remove file: