How to find stuff

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rotate artboard document size

select artboard tool (viert unterstes) dann oben in menubar, click landscape/portrait icon press enter to change size!

reset preferences star

go to applications -> illustrator -> illustrator hold down shift, crtl, option, cmd and doppelclick illustrator (vom dock funktionnierts nicht)

reset preferences star

go to applications -> illustrator -> illustrator hold down shift, crtl, option, cmd and doppelclick illustrator (vom dock funktionnierts nicht)

create a grid

make a square artboard draw a line and select it effect -> distort & transform -> transform preview and copies

grunge merge with objects

grunge shape als eps/pdf importieren dann (kein brush oder sowas): einfach grunge stuff object rueberlegen und ne knallige farbe geben dann select all und merge in pathfinder dann ungroup und die knallige farbe isolieren und loeschen

pdfs in preview empty

das kann am artboard liegen (elemente sind daneben plaziert) file -> document setup -> edit artboards

clipping masks expand

die clipping mask freistellen (als einziges objekt) object -> clipping masks -> edit contents object -> expand / expand appearance deselected select clipping mask -> pathfinder -> crop

farb separation

ueber das druck menu eine PS datei erstellen hier einfach alle separationen an- oder abklicken dann das PS file in acrobat distiller ziehen

prepare for printer

export high quality PDF

to save hit: option command s select PDF High quality print, PDF/X-4:2007

acrobat pro

advanced -> print production -> preflight prepress -> magazine ad execute

merge colours

select all, click on "create colour group" icon, deselect first click remaining colour in swatches, then others then click on icon -> merge

find specific pantone

swatches palette -> color books -> pantone solid coated click auf kleines icon -> show find field

convert cmyk to spot (pantone) colours

select all, hit little icon in swatches palette (new colour group) doppelclick on the folder icon of the colour group (in swatches panel) (or single click on folder and then click the wheel icon (edit or apply colour group)) now all swatches should be selected there should be a little wheel icon now in the swatches panel click on icon LIMIT COLOUR GROUP chose pantone solid coated!


pfad mit stift zeichnen effect -> 3d -> extrude & bevel preview bevel: classic shading colour: none


cmd click auf auge


install brushes

unzip move the file to Illustrator -> Presets -> Brushes after than go to window -> brush libraries


crop artwork to the artboard

file -> document setup -> remember size (zb 500x700)! rectangle tool -> click on artboard -> enter artboard dimensions (500x700) bring rectangle to front (must be on TOP layer) window -> align icon -> CHECK align to artboard now select rect. and align in middle select all (cmd a) window -> pathfinder -> hit the CROP button (4te)


select gradient mesh (icon links) click inside object then click on a different colour in swatches



use photograph or rastarize vektor before using this file -> place -> image filter -> create -> object mosaic check DELETE raster


creating blends

object -> blend -> make

to blend color between 2 stars

select both (red and yellow) stars and create blend then options -> specific steps

to move the stars on a path

create path and stars with blend object -> blend -> replace spline

airbrush effects on balloon

create red ballon as a plain red shape then create a white plain shape on top of balloon select both object -> blend -> make

balloon animation

create 2 ballons create a spline (where the balloon should move) select both balloons object -> blend -> make object -> blend -> blend options spacing: specific steps: 25 then hold down shift key and add the movement path to the selection object -> blend -> replace spline

to animate

select the blend go to layers panel klick on BLEND click on icon in layers palette -> release to layers in sequence file -> save for web and devices select 2nd preview window fileformat: swf layers to swf frames check loop frame rate 6 preview it with the icon on the bottom (statusbar)

to morph 2 objects

draw 2 lines (ganz oben duenne linie, ganz unten ne dicke linie) select both object -> blend -> make object -> blend -> blend options spacing -> specific steps: 15 use direct selection tool to move only one corner


resolution settings

effects -> document raster effects it's important to work in the right resolution, or the artwork will be scaled when resolution changes! to get around this only use Illustrator effects! there are 2 kinds of Effects in the effects menu:

Illustrator effects

those get scaled proportionally, no matter what resolution

Photoshop effects

those DEPEND on the resolution, only use when the right resolution is set!

square problem when gaussian blur is applied

effects -> document raster effects -> add 100pt around object

applying effects

effects -> illustrator effects -> stylise -> feather

change effects

to change it, go to APPEARANCE palette

3d extrude fuer knoepfe, buttons usw

create a ONE shape objects (holes must be cut out with pathfinder!) effect -> 3d -> extrude & bevel fuer runde kanten: bevel: rounded turn on options to see lighting change blend steps to get smoother results!

3d revolve fuer flaschen, zylinder usw

create half of the bottle effects -> 3d -> revolve group objects if they rotate separately!

3d Artwork mapping

artwork needs to be defined as symbol! create shape for 3d effects -> 3d extrude & bevel -> map art select symbols here

create clones & mutiple copies with transform effect

effect -> distort & transform -> transform check copy and enter values for move horizontally

Outlines and EDITABLE text

write text window -> appearance icon -> add new stroke effects -> path -> offset path efects -> pathfinder -> add

arrowheads, drop shadow and rounded corners

create a line effects -> stylize -> add arrowheads -> drop shadow -> round corners

-> scribble ( fuelle flaeche mit strichlinien!)

in appearance panel klick on fill first duplicate fill to get copy of another fill + scribble -> warp update it in appearance panel


use this as a library, when graphic styes isn't enough (shapes cannot be changed in appearances!) libraries, bei click auf symbol!

defining symbols

window -> symbols draw object (or drag one from the symbols palette onto canvas) options: chose GRAPHIC (movie clip is for flash!)

replace symbols

select symbols on the canvas then select new symbol in the palette icon -> replace symbol

update symbols

double click on symbol -> edit it's updated! or drag new graphic onto old one in symbols palette

symbol sprayer tool

(in der symbolleiste links) hold down option key to get 'opposite' use stainer tool to change color



place image click on MASK (oben) back: object -> clipping mask -> release

clipping masks

select both objects (text on top) create clipping mask

layer masks

draw path on photo click on mask (in layers palette)

opacity mask

create black and white gradient move it on top of photograph window -> transparency icon -> make opacity mask


calligraphic brush

window -> brushes click on NEW -> calligraphic brush use variation, pressure with wacom tablet

scatter brush

works only for vector graphics (no gradients, pattern usw) select artwork (bug) new brush -> new scatter brush rotation relative to: path scatter random create IN and OUT of values, drag arrows!

art brush

(create arrow graphic) select graphic new -> art brush

pattern brush

new brush -> pattern brush brush library -> borders doppelklick auf pattern to edit corners usw


to transform object AND stroke

window -> transform click on icon -> scale strokes and effects

repeat transformation, rotate star

turn on grid and snap to grid hold down option + drag the circle draw star command + y (outline mode) press r for rotate tool hold down option and click on the center of the circle 30 grad and COPY command + d

transform each object (each has it's own orient point)

select all object -> transform -> transform each

align to center of object

select both objects click again on the key object (to define center) click the align (horiz. and vert.) buttons


create pattern

(create square, boundaries) create the shape of the pattern drag shape into swatches


drag pattern from swatches onto artboard


click on first symbol on the bottom of swatches palette -> patterns


convert process colour to spot colour (pantone)

double click on the colour in the swatches palette, then chose spot artwork gets only automatically updated with spot colours! with process colours, check global (after double click auf swatch colour)

save swatches in illustrator

click on symbol in swatches palette save as ASE (only colours, no gradients/patterns, compatible with photoshop and indesign)

open swatch library

click on first symbol in swatches palette open swatch library

open specific pantone colour

click on first symbol in swatches palette color books -> pantone solid coated


select object click the gradient symbol in swatches window -> gradient drag colour from swatches onto gradient arrows to save, drag gradient (icon) into swatches for diagonal gradient, use gradient tool from toolbar (g) and drag

colour guides

window -> colour guide for the actual colour, the guide will show complimentary usw. save to swatches or command click several colours, then click ADD TO SWATCHES icon

limit colours to pantone colours

window -> colour guide bottom icon -> color books -> PANTONE

artwork colours into swatches

select all (command + a) in swatches palette bottom -> NEW COLOUR GROUP

test different colour schemes with live colour

select all artwork color guide -> click rainbow wheel click CREATE NEW COLOR GROUP to save different variations apply and test inside live color!

reduce number of colours

select all click wheel on top bar colors: 6 click NEW COLOR GROUP

prepare for printer

select all object -> expand -> stroke, fill NOT object (type!) join colours too! GLOBAL!

another method with GLOBAL replacement!

select all in swatches palette click "new colour group" check "convert process to GLOBAL" dann in swatches palette hold down ALT und select colours click on icon and MERGE


to past in same spot (instead of command + v)

command + f



select paths create livepaint group (paths can be open!)

with type

create paths (type and other shapes) select all click with the live paint bucket

gap detection

object -> live paint -> gap options

live paint selection tool

ueberstehende linien einfach loeschen! or paths with different stroke attributes


access start screen once it's dissabled

help -> welcome screen


place image (embed) doubleclick on layer, create template layer, dim 30%



click on blue text 'stroke' in menubar align stroke to: center, inside, outside

add new stroke

in panel click icon -> add new stroke

stacking order of objects

bring to front/back: shift command [

stacking of stroke/fill

in appearance panel, move fill on top of stroke

swatches, colours

shift + click into menubar colour icons

get default colours/stroke



d stroke 90 add stroke 80, midgrey add stroke 5, yellow, dashed line effect -> stylize -> drop shadow (object -> expand appearance)

save appearances into styles

window -> graphic styles drag icon in appearances window (first icon) into graphic styles double click on it and name it

edit styles

click on style to edit, edit it 'option' + drag it on top of old icon (in graphic styles)

copy appearance attributes to another object

default settings with eyedropper tool work for basic appearances (1 stroke, 1 fill) for complex appearances, double click on eyedropper tool check Appearance on both sides

filters vs effects

filters are oldschool, once applied they cannot be changed anymore effects remain editable (to edit click on effect in 'appearance' panel)

outline a group of objects with a stroke (or shadow)

create 3 objects, add them to a group, select group window -> appearance click auf kleines icon -> add new stroke move stroke below content

or apply a style on a layer

create graphic style click on circle on layer, then on style

or use offset to outline

convert type to outlines then copy and paste with command + f (to create a copy on the same spot) object -> path -> offset path (preview, 8px) window -> pathfinder click add shape, expand press d key arrange -> send to back


switch between v and current tool (like hand tool)


selection tool (schwarzer pfeil)

transform, gruppen

direct selection tool (weisser pfeil)

'option' + click (twice on object) to select groups direkter zugriff auf objekt (ohne ungroup!)

magic wand tool

window -> magic wand turn on 'show' stuff from the icon select object by colour, opacity usw same functionality with the direct selection tool: V (for direct selection tool), then in menubar: select similar objects

saving selections

select -> save selection select -> edit selection


basic type

click on type symbol and drag square type -> area type options

character settings

hold down 'option' + 'arrows' to change kerning


window -> type click on symbol in palette -> show options, every line composer


first line left indent: 6pt space before paragraph: 6pt space after paragraph: 6pt

2 columns

type -> area type options -> columns nr 2 or click on 'startpunkt' oder 'endpunkt' von textbox und drag new window

type on a path

writing on open paths

draw path (open path) click on (open path) and type something crtl + A to select 'all' typed type shift command > 'increase' text/font size click on direct selection tool (white arrow) to see more options type -> type on a path -> type on a path options

writing on closed paths

hold down 'option' then click on path, otherwise area type! crtl + a to select all, then 'option' 'shift' pfeil up/down to change baseline

paragraph styles

window -> type -> paragraph styles

cycling through fonts

use photoshop in photoshop select font field and up/down arrows


block shadow


create outlines select hold shift + option and slightly move downwards (1mm) then press cmd + d many times select all -> pathfinder -> unite


create outlines select type hold shift + option and drag a copy downwards select both -> pathfinder -> UNITE with the DELETE ANCHOR TOOL delete points to make diagonals then with White arrow, select the edge points and delete (leave start and beginning points and connect them, cmd+j)


anchor points

corner point, click (no drag) smooth point: have control handles, click and drag combination point: option + drag control handle

convert anchor points

shift + C convert anchor point tool click once to convert to 'corner' anchor point click and drag to convert to 'smooth' anchor point option + drag handle to create 'combination' anchor point


click on add/substract then 'expand' (or they are still editable)

pfade gleichlang AVERAGE

direct selection tool -> select points object -> path -> average

gepunktete linien

dash 0 gap 20 object -> path -> outline stroke

anzahlt anchor points reduzieren

object -> path -> simplify

outline mode

command + y

split object into grid

draw rectangle object -> path -> split into grid

clean up paths, extra points, empty objects, unpainted objects

object -> path -> clean up


closed shapes

while drawing (the rectangle), hold down the 'spacebar' to position! while drawing use 'arrow' keys to round corners (if round square is selected) or to change the sides of the polygon tool (to get a triangle) or to get a star (to change length of rays, hold down 'command') or select tool and then 'click' on artboard to get the dialog box first hold down 'option' key, then draw, to draw from the center

open shapes: arc, lines, spirals

while drawing: F to mirror C to close


best for drawing with wacom tablet 'doubleclick' on pentool icon to get 'preferences' turn off "keep selected" to "draw over same line without correcting" hold down 'command' to 'select' while still in pentool mode

paintbrush tool

use for pressure sensivity (wacom tablet!) use with caligraphic brushes


proof colorspace (srgb)

view -> proof setup -> customize -> uncoated/blablabla view -> proof colors


toggle outlines/paths

command + y

see accurate pantone/spot colours

view -> overprint preview



turn on rulers drag them from the ruler right click on canvas to lock them (they are just objects!) guide snap under mouse cursor, NOT object!

transform object into guide

select object (rectangle) and VIEW -> GUIDES -> MAKE GUIDES



rightclick -> show grid VIEW -> transparency grid (like photoshop)

snap to grid




transparency grid (like photoshop bg)

view -> transparency grid settings: file -> document preferences -> transparency



to hide panels

shift + tab

to hide only right panels


define shortcuts

edit -> keyboard shortcuts

pdfs optimieren, resume

zuerst in illustrator

create outlines save as PDF smallest filesize!

dann in acrobat pro

combine, save and add links!

spirograph 3

- create organic shape - fill with color, window -> transparency, 40%, multiply - select rotate tool, hold down option key, enter 10, copy

spirograph 2 - create 36 swatches, full spectrum - create a perfect circle, turn on smart guides (view) - select black arrow, hold down SHIFT + option, drag new circle center to old c. edge - select both, pathfinder -> intersect, expand - window -> transparency, 25%, mode: multiply - Select Rotate Tool (R), hold down Option and click on the bottom anchor point - enter 10 (360°/36), click copy - each time select another colour of the swatches

spirograph 1 - draw an ellipse (transparent filling) - select rotate, in the tool palette - click ca 1 in below the ellipse - then click next to the ellipse and rotate it, hold alt for cope - now press COMMAND+D for repeating this step

overlapping of colors

- create 2 overlapping objects with different colours - (cmyk colors, others don't work with hard mix) - effects -> pathfinder -> hard mix

Bleed Marks

setup document 8x9 in draw rectangle over whole document object -> crop area -> make file -> document setup -> + 0.5 in rulers -> put guides on original size

Live Color

click on color guide, unten buntes rad: EDIT COLORS

Appearance / Live Effects

select path, click on small symbol in appearance panel add new stroke, effects -> path -> offset path

outline several objects:

select objects, group them add 2 times fill, effects -> path -> offset path

handle simple shapes

click on simple shape tool (rectangle, circle, polygon, usw) drag and hold shift to get a square shape, hold option to get new centerpoint hold space to move object around press arrow keys with polygon tool to add/remove sides!! usw.

trace an photograph

new image file -> place -> photo.jpg klick "live trace" in menubar klick auf grauen kasten (neben preset) in menubar settings: treshold: amount of black!! blur: 0.2 klick "expand" wenn fertig

join / divide paths

create intersecting line on top of the other object object -> path -> divide objects below